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"Antlion" in the World's Languages

"Antlion" in the World's Languages
Language Name Romanization English
Translation
Afrikaansmierleeu

colloquial name:

joerie

"antlion"


?

Albanian luani thnegslave"antlion"
Arabic أسد النمل asad al-naml*"antlion"
Ashaninka (indigenous language of Peru)shienti?
Bulgarian мравколъв mravkol'v "antlion"
Catalan formigues lleó "antlion"
Chinese蟻獅 (traditional)
蚁狮 (simplified)
ngai-si (Cantonese)

yǐ shī (Mandarin)
"antlion"
倒退牛 dou-teoi-ngao (Cantonese)

dǎotuìniú (Mandarin)
"backward-moving bull"

Note: Ngao/niú means "cow" or "cattle." Because the word is used for insects whose jaws resemble a bull's horns, perhaps the preferred translation is "bull."
蟻牛 (traditional)
蚁牛 (simplified)

ngai-ngao (Cantonese)

yǐniú (Mandarin)

"ant-bull"
地古牛

dei-gu-ngao (Cantonese)

dìgǔniú (Mandarin)

"ancient soil bull"
Czech/Slovak mravkolev
mravkolvov
"antlion"
Danish (Dansk) myreløve"antlion"
Dutch (Nederlands)

larva:
mierenleeuw

adult:
mierenleeuwjuffer

larva: "antlion"

adult: "antlion-damselfly"

English, Americanantlion (or ant lion)

colloquial names:

"doodlebug" (USA)

English, Australian antlion (or ant lion)

colloquial names:

"devil-devil"

English, Britishantlion (or ant lion)

colloquial names:

"shuntie" (South Africa)



?

English, Caribbeanantlion (or ant lion)

colloquial names:

jampeepee (Antigua and Barbuda)



?

Estonian

larva:
sipelgalõvi

adult:
sipelgakiillased

larva: "antlion"

adult: "ant-damselfly"

Finnish (Suomi)

larva:
muurahaisleijona

adult:
muurahaiskorento

adult, plural:
muurahaiskorennot

larva: "antlion"

adult: "ant-damselfly"

French (Français) fourmilion (or fourmis-lion)"antlion"
French patois (spoken in the Caribbean)colloquial names:

tortee or torty
(St. Vincent, Grenada)


"turtle"or "tortoise"

Galician (galego)formiga león"antlion"
German (Deutsch)

larva:
Ameisenlöwe

adult:
Ameisenjungfer

larva: "antlion"

adult: "ant-maiden" or "ant-damselfly"

Greek (Elliniká) μυρμηκολέων
μυρμηλήων

myrmêkoleôn

myrmêléôn

"antlion"
Greek (Elliniká), Cypriot dialectμυλωνάς mylonás"miller"
Hebrew ארינמלarinamal"antlion"
Hungarian (Magyar) hangyalesõ "ant-ambusher" or "ant watcher"
Indonesian INDONESIAN SCRIPT
NOT AVAILABLE
undur-undur"going backwards"
Italian (Italiano) formicaleone"antlion"
Japanese

larva's pit trap:
蟻地獄 (Kanji)
or
アリジゴク(Katakana)

adult:
薄羽蜉蝣 (Kanji)
or
ウスバカゲロウ (Katakana)

larva's pit trap (and larva?):
ari-jigoku

adult:
usuba-kagerou

larva's pit trap: "ant hell"

adult: "thin-winged mayfly"

Javanese, "Central" dialectJAVANESE SCRIPT
NOT AVAILABLE
undur-undur"going backwards"
Kapampangan
(spoken in the Philippines)
KAPAMPANGAN SCRIPT
NOT AVAILABLE
kobung-kobung?
Kapampangan, Candaba dialectCANDABA SCRIPT
NOT AVAILABLE
balang-kari?
Korean larva:


pit trap:
개미지옥

adult:
명주잠자리

larva:
gaemi-guishin

pit trap:
gaemi jiog

adult:
Myeongju jamjari

larva: "ant demon"

pit trap: "ant hell"

adult: "silken dragonfly"

Latin (Latine) formicaleo"antlion"
Latvian skudrulauva "antlion"
Lithuanian skruzdžių liūtas* "antlion"
Maasai (spoken in Tanzania)fuku fuku*?
MalayMALAY SCRIPT
NOT AVAILABLE
undur-undur "backwards-walker"
MALAY SCRIPT
NOT AVAILABLE
cecurut

colloquial name:

"Cik Ru"
?


"Miss Ru"
Malayalam (spoken in India) MALAYALAM SCRIPT
NOT AVAILABLE
kuzhi-aana "pit elephant"
Navajo'anlt'áni·"ripener"
táni·l'ái "which is spread out on water"
Ngaanyatjarra (Australian aboriginal language)mamutjitjitjarra?
Norwegian (Norsk) maurløve"antlion"
Polish
(po polsku)
mrówkolew"antlion"
Portuguese (português)formiga-leão"antlion"
Punjabi
(spoken in Pakistan)
PUNJABI SCRIPT
NOT AVAILABLE
kumhar"potter"
Romanian leii furnicilor"antlion"
Russian муравьиный левmurav'iniy lev"antlion"
Serbo-Croatian mravlji lav"antlion"
Sinhalese (Sinhala)
(spoken in Sri Lanka)
SINHALESE SCRIPT
NOT AVAILABLE
bingundha"tunnel digger"
Slovene (slovenščina) volkec "little wolf"
Spanish (español)hormiga león

colloquial names:

chanchito (Costa Rica)

torito (Mexico and southwestern USA)

hormiga león: "antlion"

chanchito: "little pig"

torito: "little bull"

Swedish (Svenska)myrlejon"antlion"
Tsalagi (Cherokee) yahoola or yahuli?
Tsonga
(XiTsonga)
(spoken in southern Africa)
aMbututu (singular);
tiMbututu (plural)
"hider and digger"
Turkish karınca arslanı "antlion"
Wáray-Wáray
(spoken in the Eastern Visayas region of the Philippines)
?

colloquial name:

"tambaboy"

"antlion"
Yoruba
(spoken in Nigeria)
kuluso*?

* The accuracy of this name has not been verified.


Is your language not listed here?
Send a contribution to the editor using the Antlion Pit's contribution form.


References

Antlion. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved January 20, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antlion.

Aspöck, H., Aspöck, U. & Hözel, H. (unter Mitarbeit von H. Rausch) 1980. Die Neuropteren Europas. Eine zusammenfassende Darstellung der Systematik, Ökologie und Chorologie der Neuropteroidea (Megaloptera, Raphidioptera, Planipennia) Europas. Krefeld: Goecke & Evers.

Bearded Wolf. "A Collection of English-Cherokee Words." Retrieved January 1 2001, from http://users.erols.com/brddwolf/c-d.html

CantoDict: Chinese Parser. Retrieved January 20, 2013, from http://www.cantonese.sheik.co.uk/dictionary/parser/. Used for Cantonese transliterations.

Kevan, D. K. McE. 1992. Antlion ante Linné: [Myrmekoleon] to Myrmeleon (Insecta: Neuroptera: Myrmeleonidae [sic]). Pp. 203-232 in Current Research in Neuropterology. Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Neuropterology [Symposium held in Bagnères-de-Luchon, France, 1991.] M. Canard, H. Aspöck, and M. W. Mansell, eds. Toulouse.

Letters to the editor from Pék Béla [Hungarian], Bukola [Yoruba], L.C. [Chinese, Mandarin dialect], Brad Dickey [Costa Rican Spanish], Dong-Hwan Choe [Korean], Heidi Edelmuller [Afrikaans and South African colloquial English], Gao Yongwei [Chinese, Mandarin dialect], Awang Goneng [Malay #2], Ana Hermida [Galician], Andreas Iacovides [Greek, Cypriot dialect], Muhammad Iqbal [Punjabi], Pawel Jaloszynski [Polish], Antti Karttunen [Finnish], Charmini Kodituwakku [Sinhalese], M.L. [Javanese, "Central" dialect], Rafi Levi [Hebrew], Ron Lyons [Navajo], Hidetaka Mizohata [Japanese], Cristiano Pires [Tsonga], Jernej Polajnar [Slovene], Anthony Richards [Caribbean English], Hany Sheta [Arabic], Marcia van der Beek [Maasai], Bijoy Venugopal [Malayalam], and Wang Weiwei [Chinese, Mandarin dialect].

Wyman, Leland C., and Flora L. Bailey. 1964. Navaho Indian Ethnoentomology [University of New Mexico Publications in Anthropology, no. 12]. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

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